Continuing on the theme of previous posts, in an interesting review of a book on the impact of sanctions in Iraq, Andrew Cockburn provides the following tale of aid and influence:
The legal foundation for the campaign rested on Security Council Resolution 661, passed in August 1990 shortly after Saddam’s invasion of Kuwait. This prohibited all UN member states from trading with Iraq: the ban crucially included all oil purchases. Leaving nothing to chance, the US proffered douceurs of economic aid prior to the vote to impoverished countries such as Ethiopia and Zaire, which were then serving as temporary members of the Security Council. After voting against the resolution, the Yemeni ambassador to the UN was tersely informed: ‘That will be the most expensive “no” vote you ever cast.’ Three days later the US cancelled its entire aid programme to his country.
A perfect example of how not to give aid. And, also, of a key factor contributing to the ambiguous results of aid to-date.